Project Design & Development
Paramount offers the following Project Design and Development services:
• Pre-feasibility and Feasibility studies
• Treatability Studies
• Front end Engineering Studies
Our project design and development is born out of our extensive experience in execution of various systems and projects and our in-depth analysis with systemic approach philosophy in endearing the same.
Pre-feasibility and Feasibility Study:
Pre-feasibility and feasibility study are performed before any project is undertaken. Pre-feasibility and feasibility study comprise of a comprehensive feasibility study reporting. Our extensive studies ensure our clients have all the information needed to make the right decision.
The feasibility study covers the following areas:
• To elucidate if certain scheme/ treatment step is viable
• To ensure the scheme/ treatment approach is an economic model
Our pre-feasibility and feasibility studies is a varied component study including a variety of elements in order to ensure that all elements are properly evaluated for success in the project and project scheme so developed including:
• Chronological analysis and background of a project
• Elucidating the technical concepts and scheme for the project
• Elaboration on the system devised
• Commercial analysis including capital and operating cost runs
• Requirement of operation and maintenance requirement
• Effecting policy and legal regulations
With different types of industrial applications in the modern world, so do the differences in the effluent generated by each industrial application. There is always no one stroke application in the treatment methodology that is adapted in standard wastewater treatment units like that in a Refinery or a petrochemical industry. Even within these industries, the type of raw material has demanded new processing technologies and generates a new type of effluent. This calls for in depth study in the treatment philosophy of the particular effluent and its adaptability with other effluents. This requires Treatability Studies be conducted.
Treatability Studies are conducted to ensure the effectiveness of the treatment philosophy on a specific type of wastewater.
The normal approach is to collect the samples from the sources, its characterization, elucidate the pre-treatment (chemical treatment) methodology, requirement of biological treatment and the tertiary treatment philosophy. Selection of Membrane Technology forms a unique approach in Tertiary Treatment philosophies.
The R&D facility of Paramount Limited at Vadodara is capable of conducting anaerobic and aerobic treatabilities, the best application of membrane technologies.
Facilities are also available to do Treatability Study on a Bench top scale and Pilot plant scale
Bench top studies offer :
• An initial view of the process, using lab pot spot pretreatment steps.
• Analytical work is carried out on raw samples and characterization mapped
• A complete treatment philosophy is formulated based on the raw sample character
• A model is created to check the sustainability of the treatment step on a longer time scale with batch effluent feeding model and continuous effluent acclimatization model. A process design based on the Treatment methodology is formulated. The study is carried out at low cost.
• The Treatability Report is presented to the owner for consideration for further study on a pilot plant scale or scales up to project model.
Pilot plant Treatability model is the next step. The pilot plant studies are made if the effluent characteristics are susceptible to changes or if the loads are largely intermittent. Pilot plant studies are also conducted if the application is large wherein the scale up of bench top treatability study to plant scale can create certain inconsistency in routine operation.
RO Pilot Plant
Paramount Limited has all facilities to model and fabricate pilot plants that can be shipped to owner’s site to conduct tests.
“Paramount” also conducts Oxygen Transfer Efficiency (OTE) tests allow plant owners to assess the long term running costs of their aeration systems, and confirm that they have the capacity to meet peak oxygen demands.
Tests can be conducted on a wide range of aeration devices including fine bubble diffused aeration systems, coarse bubble aeration systems, surface aerators, jet aeration systems and venturi style aeration systems.
The test procedure involves measuring dissolved oxygen from near zero to saturation against time, and non linear regression is used to determine the mass transfer coefficient. To achieve near zero dissolved oxygen concentration, the test water is deoxygenated using either nitrogen gas or sodium sulphite, dependent on aeration system type and the practicality of a particular method. The power consumption of the aeration devices is monitored using power monitoring equipment suitable for systems equipped with variable speed drives. It is common to test aeration systems at several duty points to determine the efficiency over the whole operational range of a particular system.
The data provided by these tests includes SOTR (Standard Oxygen Transfer Rate measured in kgO2/hr), SOTE (Standard Oxygen Transfer Efficiency measured as a percentage of the air put into the system) and SAE (Standard Aeration Efficiency measured in kgO2/kWh).
Front end Engineering Studies:
The primary activities involved in the Front end studies are evolved from a Feasibility Study and Treatability Study, as may be governing. The essential detailing of this Study would be as follows:
• Process design concept and development of Block flow diagram
• Options and alternative solutions/ schemes
• Preparation of Conceptual P&ID/ PEFS
• Pre-detail engineering Hazop studies and risk analysis
• Preliminary basic equipment list
• Tentative layout and plot space requirement
• Indicative analysis on the surface drainage and effluent sourcing and drainage requirement
• Indicative critical Process Controls
• Process Safeguarding principles
• Energy study and indicative power sourcing and connectivity requirement
• Prospective Piping tie-ins and indicative routing
• Development and analysis of existing facilities in utility for new facilities
• Planning and programme estimates